Estado del Arte de las Soluciones a Perturbaciones Armónicas en Generadores Eoloeléctricos Interconectados a la Red basados en un Generador Doblemente Alimentado

Adolfo Rafael López Núñez, Jesús Darío Mina Antonio, Jesús Aguayo Alquicira, Gabriel Calderón Zavala

Resumen


En las últimas décadas, la tecnología asociada a la generación eoloeléctrica ha avanzado significativamente. Sin embargo, en el contexto de los generadores eoloeléctricos interconectados a la red eléctrica, existen diversas perturbaciones eléctricas que pueden provocar consecuencias negativas en la calidad de la energía. En este artículo se muestra una revisión del estado del arte de los problemas producidos en generadores eoloeléctricos interconectados a red, específicamente debido a perturbaciones armónicas. Se muestran los diferentes escenarios que la literatura reporta sobre las fuentes de los armónicos, su interacción con los generadores eoloeléctricos y las soluciones propuestas por diversos autores. La revisión se centra en sistemas eoloeléctricos basados en el generador doblemente alimentado.

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