USO DE LA EXPLOSIÓN SÚBITA DE VAPOR COMO PRETRATAMIENTO PARA FRACCIONAR BIOMASA (USE OF STEAM EXPLOSION AS PRE-TREATMENT TO FRACTION BIOMASS)

Juan Quintanar Olguin, Edna Elena Suárez Patlán, José Sandoval García

Resumen


Resumen

La finalidad del artículo es mostrar los conceptos básicos del tratamiento de explosión súbita de vapor o steam explosión, utilizado para fraccionar la estructura del material lignocelulósico mediante la acción hidrolítica del vapor a presión y altas temperaturas, con el fin de mejorar la digestibilidad enzimática de la celulosa. Los parámetros que afectan la efectividad del método de explosión súbita de vapor son: tamaño de las partículas, contenido de humedad, temperatura, presión, tiempo de procesamiento y el efecto combinado de la temperatura y el tiempo. Para lograr la comparación y optimización del proceso de explosión súbita de vapor se han desarrollado los índices de severidad ( ), severidad combinada (SC) y densidad de potencia de la explosión (DPE).

Palabra(s) Clave: Reactor, presión, alta temperatura, índice de severidad.

 

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to show the basic concepts of the steam explosion treatment, used to fractionate the structure of lignocellulosic material through the hydrolytic action of steam explosion under pressure and high temperatures, in order to improve the enzymatic digestibility of the cellulose. The parameters that affect the effectiveness of the method of steam explosion are: particle size, moisture content, temperature, pressure, processing time and the combined effect of temperature and time. To achieve the comparison and optimization of the process of steam explosion have developed the indices of severity ( ), combined severity (SC) and explosion power density (EPD).

Keywords: Reactor, pressure, high temperature, severity index.


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Referencias


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